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James  Steele

Dr James Steele

Lecturer

School of Sport, Health and Social Sciences

023 8201 6465 ext. 6465 Room no. RM230C

Biography

James Steele is a lecturer in BSc (Hons) Applied Sport Science in the School of Sport, Health and Social Sciences at Solent University. His job involves furthering research in the areas of health, exercise and sport science in addition to teaching exercise physiology, biomechanics and research methods on the Universities sport science, sport coaching and health and fitness related courses.

James graduated with a first class BSc (Hons) in applied sport science from Solent University in 2010 and has recently completed his PhD researching the effects of isolated lumbar extension resistance training for chronic low back pain and its symptoms. In addition to his academic qualification, James has gained broad applied experience consulting in strength and conditioning with a wide range of elite athletic populations including; international Ironman triathletes, Paralympic wheelchair basketball and rugby, semi-professional muay thai fighters, university American football and professional soccer. 

James also has extensive experience working with non-athletic populations including the elderly, diseased, and a population that he continues to conduct research with; sufferers of chronic low back pain. James has published numerous peer reviewed articles on a variety of areas relating to health and fitness with particular focus upon the impact of resistance training. His current research projects include;

  • The Resistance Exercise And Community Health (REACH) Project which looks improve the health of the local community through development and application of a self-managed resistance training intervention in sedentary adults.
  • The use of advanced resistance training techniques in trained populations.
  • The specific impact of perceptions of effort upon adaptations to resistance training.
  • Comparison of the bioenergetics and physiological adaptations of different exercise modes (resistance training and aerobic/endurance training).
  • The effects of isolated lumbar extension resistance training upon chronic low back pain and its various associated dysfunctions.
  • Development of screening tools to identify positive responders the isolated lumbar extension resistance training in sufferers of chronic low back pain.
  • Due to his involvement as associate editor with the Journal of Evolution and Health, James is also looking to begin research examining low back pain from an evolutionary perspective, integrating his existing work in order to investigate reasons for the high prevalence of the condition and ways to best address it.

Taught courses

Further information

  1. Teaching experience

    James teaches on the following units: Introduction to physiology of exercise (year 1). Applied principles of biomechanics (year 2). Application of fitness testing and...
    • Introduction to physiology of exercise (year 1).
    • Applied principles of biomechanics (year 2).
    • Application of fitness testing and training (year 2).
    • Research methods for sport and exercise (year 2).
    • Professional practice in physiology of exercise (year 3).
  2. Research interests

    James' research interests include lower back pain, resistance training and community health. Follow the link below for more information...

    Research collaborations with other HEIs

    Resistance Exercise And Community Health (REACH) Project

    • Dr Garry Tew – Exercise & Health Sciences, Northumbria University, UK.
    • Prof Alan Batterham – Teeside University, UK.
    • Dr David Nunan – University of Oxford, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, UK.
    • Dr Jamie O’Driscoll – Canterbury Christ Church  University, School of Human and Life Sciences, UK.
    • Dr Steve Mann - UK Active, UK.
    • Dr Chris Beedie – UK Active, UK.
    • Professor Simon Jobson – Winchester University, Sport and Exercise Department, UK.
    • Professor Richard Winett – Virginia Tech, Department of Psychology, USA.
    • Professor Stuart Phillips – McMaster University, Exercise Metabolism Research Group, Canada.

    Low back pain projects

    • Dr David Newell - Anglo European College of Chiropractic, UK.
    • Dr Andrew Vitiello - European College of Chiropractic, UK.
    • Dr Neil Osborne - Anglo European College of Chiropractic, UK.
    • Dr Arvid Thorkeldsen - Anglo European College of Chiropractic, UK.
    • Dr Dave Smith - Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.

    Other resistance training research

    • Professor Jurgen Giessing - University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany.
    • Professor Paulo Gentil – University of Brasilia, Brazil.
    • Professor Christopher Scott – University of Southern Maine, USA.
    • Professor Hayao Ozaki – Jutendo University, Japan.
    • Mr Matthew Bryzcki - Princeton University, USA.

    Research collaborations across Solent University school/discipline

    • Mr Steve Lannin – School of Art and Design.

    Other research collaborations

    • Kieser Training AG, Germany.
    • Discover Strength, USA.
    • Abstract Bodyworks, UK. 
  3. Recent publications

    James' recent publications include several academic journal articles and conference presentations. Follow the link below for more information...

    Fisher, J. P. Carlson, L. Steele, J. Smith, D. (2015). Reply to 'Discussion of ‘The effects of pre-exhaustion, exercise order, and rest intervals in a full body resistance training intervention’ – Pre-exhaustion exercise and neuromuscular adaptations: an inefficient method?' Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 40(8), pp 852-853.

    Steele, J.,S. Bruce-Low, D. Smith, D. Jessop, and N. Osborne, (2015). 'A randomized controlled trial of the effects of isolated lumbar extension exercise on lumbar kinematic pattern variability during gait in chronic low back pain'. PM&R. Epub ahead of print.

    de Franca, H. S., P. A. N. Branco, D. P. Guedes Junior, P. Gentil, J. Steele, C. V. L. Teixeira, (2015). 'The effects of adding single-joint exercises to a multi-joint exercise resistance training program on upper body muscle strength and size in trained men'. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 40(8), pp 822-826.

    Steele, J., A. Fitzpatrick, S. Bruce-Low, and J. Fisher, (2015). 'The effects of set volume during isolated lumbar extension resistance training in recreationally trained males.' Peer J. 3, pp e878.

    Steele, J., (2014). Regarding the article 'Effect of lumbar stabilization and dynamic lumbar strengthening exercises in patients with chronic low back pain'. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine. 38(6), pp 876-878.

    Fisher, J., and J. Steele, (2014). 'Questioning the resistance/aerobic training dichotomy: A commentary on physiological adaptations determined by effort rather than exercise modality'. Journal of Human Kinetics. 44, pp 137-142.

    Steele, J., S. Bruce-Low, and D. Smith, (2014). 'A review of the clinical value of isolated lumbar extension resistance training for chronic low back pain'. PM&R. In press.

    Giessing, J., J. Fisher, J. Steele, F. Rothe, K. Raubold, and B. Eichmann, (2014). 'The effects of low volume resistance training with and without advanced techniques in trained participants'. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. In press.

    Steele, J., S. Bruce-Low, D. Smith, D. Jessop, and N. Osborne, (2014). 'Lumbar kinematic variability during gait in chronic low back pain and associations with pain, disability and isolated lumbar extension strength'. Clinical Biomechanics. In press.

    Fisher, J., J. Steele, P. McKinnon, and S. McKinnon, (2014). 'Strength gains as a result of brief, infrequent resistance exercise in older adults'. Journal of Sports Medicine. Pp 1-7.

    Steele, J., S. Bruce-Low, D. Smith, N. Osborne, and A. Thorkeldsen, (2014). 'Can specific loading through exercise impart healing or regeneration of the intervertebral disc?'  The Spine Journal. In Press.

    Fisher, J., L. Carlson, J. Steele, and D. Smith, (2014). 'Effects of pre-exhaustion, exercise order and rest-intervals in a full body resistance training intervention in trained participants'. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. Epub ahead of print.

    Fisher, J., J. Steele, M. Brzycki, and B. DeSimone, (2014). 'Primum non nocere: A commentary on avoidable injuries and safe resistance training techniques'. Journal of Trainology. 3(1), pp 31-34.

    Steele, J., and J. Fisher, (2014). 'Scientific rigour: a heavy or light load to carry?' Sports Medicine. 44(1), pp 141 – 142.

    Steele, J., S. Bruce-Low, and D. Smith, (2014). 'A Reappraisal of the Deconditioning Hypothesis in Low Back Pain: Evidence from a Triumvirate of Research Methods on Specific Lumbar Extensor Deconditioning'. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 30(5), pp 865-911.

    Fisher, J., J. Steele, and D. Smith, (2013). 'Evidence Based Resistance Training Recommendations for Muscular Hypertrophy'. Medicina Sportiva. 17(4), pp 217 – 235.

    Steele, J., S. Bruce-Low, and D. Smith, (2013). 'A review of the specificity of exercises designed for conditioning the lumbar extensors'. British Journal of Sports MedicineOnline First.

    Steele, J., S. Bruce-Low, and D. Smith, (2013). 'Controlling Resistance Training Variables in Interventions for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: Letter to the Editor regarding 'The Effects of Dynamic Isolated Lumbar Extensor Training on Lumbar Multifidus Functional Cross-Sectional Area and Functional Status of Patients with Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain.'' Spine. 38(18), pp 1609 – 1610.

    Steele, J., S. Bruce-Low, D. Smith, D. Jessop, and N. Osborne, (2013). 'A Randomised Controlled Trial of Limited Range of Motion Lumbar Extension Exercise in Chronic Low Back Pain'. Spine. In Press.

    Steele, J., (2013). 'Intensity; in-ten-si-ty; noun. 1. Often used ambiguously within resistance training. 2. Is it time to drop the term altogether?' British Journal of Sports MedicineOnline First.

    Steele, J., J. Fisher, D. McGuff, S. Bruce-Low, and D. Smith, (2012). 'Resistance training to momentary muscular failure improves cardiovascular fitness in humans: A review of acute physiological responses and chronic physiological adaptations'. Journal of Exercise Physiology.15(3), pp 53 – 80.

    Steele, J., and S. Bruce-Low, (2012). Steiger et al. '2011: relationships and specificity in CLBP rehabilitation through exercise'. European Spine Journal. 21(9), pp 1887.

    Fisher, J., and J. Steele, (2012). 'Is truth in authority or authority in truth? Limitations to the publication of scientific research'. Journal of Exercise Physiology. 15(1), pp 57 – 64.

    Fisher, J., J. Steele, S. Bruce-Low, and D. Smith, 2011. 'Evidence Based Resistance Training Recommendations'. Medicina Sportiva. 15(3), 147 – 162.

    Conference Presentations

    Steele, J., J. Giessing, B. Eichmann, and J. Fisher, (2015). 'A comparison of two ecologically valid resistance training methods upon strength, body composition, and subjective assessments of training'. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science Conference,St. George’s Park, UK.

    Hill, A., and J. Steele, (2015). 'A pilot study for inter-user variability of dietary analysis with MyFitnessPal by exercise professionals'. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science ConferenceSt. George’s Park, UK.

    Fisher, J., J. Steele, and D. Jessop, (2015). 'Muscle Activation and Force production for a novel resistance training approach in trained males, suitable for Space Flight and Micro-Gravity environments'. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science Conference, St. George’s Park, UK.

    Steele, J., (2015). 'Questioning the aerobic/resistance training dichotomy – does exercise mode impact adaptations?' International Symposium – Scientific Advances in Strength Training, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Steele, J., (2015). 'Questioning the aerobic/resistance training dichotomy – does exercise mode impact adaptations?' Kieser Training Medical Congress, Deutsches Hygiene-Museum, Dresden.

    Steele, J., (2015). 'Positive health outcomes from resistance training'. Royal Society of Medicine Exercise Medicine Conference, Royal Society of Medicine, London.

    Steele, J., (2014). 'A synthesis of modern exercise physiology and evolutionary theory'. Ancestral Health Symposium, UC Berkeley, San Francisco.

    Steele, J. S. Bruce-Low, D. Smith, D. Jessop, and N. Osborne, (2013). 'Isolated lumbar extension resistance reduces lumbar kinematic variability during gait in chronic low back pain participants'. World LBP Congress, Dubai Intercontinental and Crowne Plaza Hotels.

    Steele, J., (2013). 'An Ancient Perspective on Deconditioning in Low Back Pain'. Ancestral Health Symposium, Atlanta Sheraton Hotel.

    Steele, J.S. Bruce-Low, D. Smith, and D. Jessop, (2012). 'Limited Range of Motion Lumbar Extension Resistance Exercise in Chronic Low Back Pain Participants'. Physiology, Edinburgh International Conference Centre

    Steele, J., and S. Bruce-Low, (2010). 'Effect of training with and without pelvic restraints, on development of lumbar extension strength and lumbar muscle activity'. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science Student Conference, University of Aberystwyth.

    Steele, J., and S. Bruce-Low, (2009). 'Effect of training with and without pelvic restraints, on development of lumbar extension strength and lumbar muscle activity – A Research Proposal'. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science Student Conference, University of Hull.

    Other academic activity

    Associate editor (exercise physiology) – Journal of Evolution and Health.

    Journal reviewer for: 

    • Peer J.
    • The Spine Journal.
    • PLoS One. 
    • Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness.
    • Biology of Sport.
    • Journal of Pain Research. 
    • Medical Science Monitor.
    • Saudi Medical Journal. 
  4. Awards

    James is an associate fellow of the Higher Education Academy and is a member of the Ancestral Health Society.
  5. Qualifications

    Follow the link below to see a list of James' qualifications including his BSc and Ph.D...
    • First class honours, BSc (Hons) Applied Sports Science, Southampton Solent University, May 2010.
    • Postgraduate certificate in research methods, Southampton Solent University, October 2010 to May 2011.
    • Ph.D in exercise physiology/biometrics, Southampton Solent University, October 2010 to May 2014.
    • PDU in enhancing teaching and learning in higher education, Southampton Solent University, October 2011 to December 2011.